Dreams can be interpreted as a series of feelings, emotions, thoughts and images that arise involuntarily in the conscious mind during certain stages of sleep.
The purpose and content of dreams are not well known, but certainly have been the object of interest is religious and philosophical and scientific speculation throughout history. Interestingly, the scientific study of dreams is called onirología.
When does a dream?
The majority of dreams occur during REM sleep (Rapid Eye Movement), as this is when the brain is more active and closer to the vigil. REM sleep is identifiable by eye movements continued during sleep, however, dreams may occur during other stages of sleep, however, tend to be less memorable.
The duration of our dreams varies: they can last anywhere from a few seconds up to 20-30 minutes. Some dreamers remember their dreams because they wake up with rapid eye movements during sleep.
On average, people have 3 to 5 dreams per night, up to 7, but most of the dreams are quickly forgotten. The dreams seem to last longer at night, and when we slept a full eight hours, most of our dreams occur during the typical period-off two hours.
Today, many people see dreams as a connection with the subconscious. Dreams are everything: exciting, frightening, melancholy, magical, adventurous, and even sex and our dreams seem to go from the ordinary and normal to the strange and the totally surreal.
With the exception of lucid dreaming, the events that occur in dreams are generally outside the control of the dreamers. The dreamer lucid is aware of itself.
Sometimes dreams can stimulate creative thinking and inspire the dreamer.
Las views on the meaning of dreams have varied and changed throughout cultures and time. The theory of dreams Freud that dreams reveal feelings and hidden desires, it seems to be universal.
Other theories suggest that dreams help us solve problems and form memories, or are simply the result of a random activation of the brain.
Some people have a sleep disorder in which you physically act out their dreams while they sleep, disorder called REM sleep. In this case, the dreams can be dangerous both the person and his / her partner.
History of the interpretation of dreams
The first dreams were written on clay tablets in Mesopotamia. In the times of the romans and the greeks, the people believed that dreams were direct messages from one or more gods or people are dead and that they could predict the future. Some cultures also practiced the incubation of dreams to develop prophetic dreams.
What is the meaning of dreams?
Freud believed that dreams express our fears and deepest desires, often associated with obsessive-compulsive disorders or childhood memories repressed.
He also believed that almost all the topics of dreams, regardless of its content, represented the release from the sexual tension.
In his book Interpretation of dreams, Freud developed a psychological technique to interpret dreams; it also developed guidelines to understand the themes and symbols of the dreams.
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